Feminism – Donna Harraway cyborgs

-1st wave of US feminism (mid 1700s and early 1800s) (abigail adams, mary Wollstonecraft, phillis wheatly, sojourner Truth)

-1848 Seneca Falls Convention = NY two day convention … Lucretia Mott, a Quaker, keynote speaker… “Declaration of Sentiments” 68 women and 32 men signed, rights of women, religious, civic and social … led to National Women’s Rights Convention (until 1860)

-Women’s Suffragists = Suffragettes (term from U.K.)

-1870 = 15th amendment (Men of color’s right to vote)

-1920 = 19th amendment (women’s right to vote)

2nd wave feminisms

-Simone de Beauvior The Second Sex “One is not born a woman”

-Woman is a cultural construct where one is designed to serve man

1960s … stereotypes emerge … feminist movement through 1980s

Betty Friedan

-The Feminist Mystique

-“The problem that has no name”

Gloria Steinem

-Ms. Magazine

Consciousness-Raising Groups (sharing with one another, raising awareness of shared oppression. what gives rise to it.)

Combahee River Collective

1974-1980 … Black feminist thinkers who said everyone is different. We can’t share the same oppressions.

Intersectionality of race, class, and gender … materiality of lived conditions.

Chicana Feminisms

Gloria Ansaldua 1942-2004 “Borderlands, La Frontera”

Cyborgian experiences

-Sex: a biological expression related to chromosomes, sex organs, hormones, and other physical features. Anne-Fausto Sterlign (Bio prof at Brown) argues that there are at least five sexes

Gender: The cultural significance a body acquires, “One is not born a woman” (de Beauvoir). Gender is socially-constructed and embodies.

Sexuality = practices, beliefs, and identities associated with erotic desires.

Patriarchy = Rule by Male authority (rule by the father)

Misogyny = hatred or dislike of females, prejudice against females

Feminism= the movement to end sexist exploitation, sexism, and sexist oppression

Cyberfeminisms = cyborgs. blasphemous identities for social change.

“The internets promises women a network of lines on which to chatter, natter, work, and play (Sadie Plant)

-Jessie Daniels writes that the cohesive thread tying together cyberfeminisms is the “sustained focus on gender and digital technologies”

-However, merely attending to digital technologies and gender does not create a cyberfeminist. Instead, a cyberfeminist embraces the irony and blasphemy of Haraways cyborg that is “oppositional, utopian, and completely without innocence.”

With these words in mind, I see cyberfeminists as engaging in the nexus of gender and digital technologies in a manner that is subversive while playful, hopeful even if hostile (Richards)