US First Wave of Feminism

Susan B Anthony, Abigail Adams, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, etc.

Seneca Falls Convention

- 2 day convention

- Lucretia Mott, Quaker, keynote speaker

-Declaration of Sentiments”

- 68 women and 32 men signed

- rights of women, (religious, civic, and social)

- National Women’s rights Convention until 1860

Women’s Suffragists

· Suffragette- term from UK

· 1870- 15th amendment (Men of color can vote)

· 1920- 18th amendment (women can vote)

o New Zealand- 1893

o Finland- 1906

o USSR- 1917


· 2nd wave Feminisms

· Simone de Beauvoir The Second Sex “One is not born a woman”

· Woman is a cultural construct that designates the “servant of man”

· Betty Friedan

o The Feminine Mystique

o The problem that has no name

· Gloria Steinem

o Ms. Magazine

· 1974-1980

· intersectionality of race, class, and gender

o materiality of lived conditions

· CRC Statement

· Audre Lorde, Beverly Smith, Barbara Smith

· Chicana Feminisms

o Gloria Anzaluda 1942-2004

o Don’t fit into one class category

3rd Wave

· response to 2nd wave shortcomings

· complicates issues of sexuality, gender, identity/performance, race, culture

· feminist punk Riot Grrrls

Sex- biological expression related to chromosomes, sex organs, hormones, and other physical features- Anne Fausto Sterline (bio prof at Brown) argues that there are at least 5

Gender- cultural significance a body aquires, one is nor born a woman (de Beauvior). Gender is socially constructed and embodied

Sexuality- practices, beliefs, and identities associated with erotic desire

Patriarchy- rule by male authority

Misogyny- hatred or dislike of females, prejudice against females

Feminism- movement to end sexist exploitation, sexism and sexist oppression (bell hooks)


· Sadie Plant, women were theorizing about computing

· Jessie Daniels, cohesive thread tying together cyber feminisms is the sustained focus on gender and digital technologies

· Cyber feminist embraces the irony and blasphemy of Harraway’s cyborg that is oppositional, utopian, and completely without innocence

· In your face, but still willing to engage with you