1/19 Cyberfeminisms

I. First wave US feminism

a. Main people

i. Abigail Adams 1744-1818

ii. Mary Wollstonecraft

iii. Phillis Wheatley

iv. Sojourner Truth

v. Susan B. Anthony 1820-1906

b. Seneca Falls Convention 1848

i. 2 day convention-Lucretia Mott, Quaker, Key note speaker

ii. Result: Declaration of Sentiments

1. Women and colored deserve rights

2. Goes to congress—nothing happens

iii. Annual national women’s rights convention until 1860—stopped because of the Civil War

c. Women Suffragists

i. Suffragette—UK term

ii. 1870: 15th amendment, colored men can vote

iii. 1920: 19th amendment, women’s right to vote and own property

1. New Zealand: 1893

2. Finland: 1906

3. USSR: 1917

II. 2nd wave feminisms (1960)

a. Simone de Beauvoir-The 2nd sex—“one is not born a woman”

i. Woman is a cultural construct—designates servant of man

ii. Stereotypes emerge ‘60s-‘80s (topless, bra burning, etc.

b. Leaders

i. Betty Friedan-“the problem has no name”

ii. Gloria Steinem-Ms. Magazine—1st feminist publication, still in circulation

c. Consciousness Raising (CR) groups

i. Touchy-feely, emotional bonding

d. Combahee River Collective: ’74-’80—Black feminists

i. Intersectionality of race, class, and gender: can’t necessarily separate these things out

ii. CRC statement

iii. Audre Lorde, Beverly Smith, and Barbara Smith

e. Chicana Feminisms 1942-2004

i. Gloriana Anzaldia

ii. May not fir a class category—borders of identity

iii. ''Borderlands La Frontera

III. 3rd Wave

a. Response to 2nd wave’s shortcomings

b. Complicates issues of sexuality, gender identity, race, and culture

c. Feminist punk—Riot Grrrls

i. Bikini Kill

d. Major issues include body image

IV. Terminology—relate to cyborgian experiences

a. Sex: biological expression related to chromosome, hormones, and other physical features. Anne Fausto Sterling—atleast 5 sexes (intersex people)

b. Gender: Cultural significance a body acquires. Gender is socially constructed and embodied. “One isn’t born a woman”-DeBeauvoir

c. Sexuality: Practices, beliefs, and identities associated with erotic desire

d. Patriarchy: rule by male authority

e. Misogyny: Hatred/dislike of females—prejudice against females

f. Feminism: Movement to end sexist exploitation, sexism, and sexist oppression (bell hooks)

V. Cyberfeminisms

a. Sadie Plant- women’s role in Internet development

i. Women were discussing in small groups before computer evolution

ii. Daniels- gender and digital technologies

iii. Cyberfeminist uses irony and blasphemy of Haraway’s cyborg—oppositional, utopian, and be without innocence

1. Engage in the nexus of gender and digital technologies—in playful but hostile manner

iv. Photoshop video—good, but not far enough

v. Haraway’s monsters of US culture

1. Frankenstein—relies on singular creator to make and destroy: cyborgs don’t have just one creator

2. Terminator- militaristic machine

3. I, Borg

4. Alien: use technology to protect

a. Driving force of technology is militarism

i. Modern war is a cyborg orgy-Haraway

b. We need to be conscious that these technologies come from a background of violence and be thoughtful with the technology we have—reprogram and use as a utopic machine

VI. We are cyborgs

a. Haraway is serious

b. We rely on countless technologies we rely on for survival and success

i. Ventilator example

c. Real world Cyborgs

i. Amputees

ii. Transplant recipients

iii. Steven Hawkings

d. Your success due to certain technologies makes us partial to them—supports funding

i. This shapes politics

e. Be cognizant of our technological alliances and be open to definitions of technologies

i. Changes the way we look at others—ex. PhD

f. Hollaback movement

i. Use our technologies in innovative ways