A. December Article-History of Web (www unleashed)

a. Gutenburg-Printing press (1440)

i. Chinese 11 c.

ii. Allowed print capitalism

b. Samuel Morse-Telegraph (1837)

i. Written language travels instantaneously

c. Telsa, Marconey, Edison-Radio (1890s)

d. Philo Farnsworth-TV (1925)

i. In homes in ‘26-‘50s

1946—1st computer----------------------------------

e. Computers (’57)

i. Sputnik satellites later allow Internet

ii. ’72: 1st computer in modern use form

iii. IBM, HP: patent the computer components

iv. 1st interface coding language—allowing email—5 universities collaborating on a physics project

1. Used commodity Internet: infrastructure tapped into for Internet constructed by department of defense

2. 1st T1 lines in ’60—linked major cities

3. World wide web is link into T1 lines

B. Defining Cyberspace

a. A virtual reality that stores, transmits, and communicates information

b. A different level of consciousness

c. Ethics, shape time and space, dysfunctions with intersection of RL and VL, ground breaking, trying to transcend biology, who’s in charge?

C. Cyberculture

a. Includes morals and values

b. Shared social constructs and infrastructure and the discourse

c. Culture is passed on through generations

d. Defines a group of people

e. Artifacts humans create by living together

f. Cyberculture is not necessarily computer generated

D. Benedikt reading—Cyberspace

a. Popper says there are 3 worlds:

i. World 1: objective, material reality

ii. World 2: Subjective world of our consciousness

iii. World 3: Cultural residue

b. Benedikt says cyberspace displaces world 3

c. 4 threads of cyberspace

i. Mythologies and fictions of the world

ii. Changing/non-static—evolving technology

iii. Architecture—strive for heavenly architecture, old project that cyberspace is part of

iv. Mathematics—a logic, cyberspace creates a new logic

d. Benedikt says we are nomads always in touch—electronic tether

i. Multiple disciplines involved in cyberspace

1. Examples from everyone’s majors