Utopia comes from the Greek "ou" (no) and "topos" (place). In general usage the term utopia refers to a perfect place. Ideal and non-existent in the real world, the idea of utopia and its possible forms has eluded writers throughout the ages. Cyberspace, arguably a place that exists without temporal or geographical restraint, closes in on the double meaning of utopia. Early in the study of cyberculture the talk of a utopic cyberspace was abundant.
Writers such as Michael Benedikt have compared the future of cyberspace to the heavenly city. Others, such as Pierre Levy, imagine a future cyberspace as a perfect collective intelligence. It is a highly contentious idea that cyberspace actually offers the possibility for any utopia.